In 2011 CDC filed in the Netherlands a legal action enforcing claims for damages resulting from the Europe-wide Paraffin Wax cartel. Previously, CDC had acquired the claims from numerous purchasers of paraffin wax. Paraffin wax is mainly used for candle production, but has also a wide range of applications in packaging, cosmetics, construction and food industry.

By decision of 1 October 2008 (Case COMP/39181 – Candle Waxes) the European Commission found that following nine groups of companies participated in Europe-wide anticompetitive agreements and practices from at least 1992 to 2005 on the market for paraffin wax:

  • ENI
  • ExxonMobil
  • Hansen & Rosenthal/ Tudapetrol
  • MOL
  • Repsol
  • Sasol
  • Shell
  • RWE
  • Total

The cartel members committed a single and continuous infringement of the European cartel prohibition. In more than 50 meetings across Europe, hundred letters, faxes and emails they fixed target prices and monitored their implementation, allocated customers as well asmarket shares and exchanged commercially sensitive information.


According to the Commission, the overall plan was to reduce and prevent competition onprices in order to stabilise or raise prices by agreeing on minimum prices and price increases.The cartel members aimed at significantly reducing or even eliminating competitive pressurewith the ultimate goal of achieving higher profits. Five groups acknowledged theirparticipation in the cartel and cooperated with the Commission under its leniency program.


Further information:
  • Commission Decision in Case COMP/39181 – Candle Waxes of 13 March 2011
  • Commission Press release in Case COMP/39181

In September 2011 CDC filed an action for damages resulting from the Paraffin Wax cartel against ExxonMobil, Shell, Total and Sasol. The action was filed in The Hague, the Netherlands.


Prior to lodging the action, CDC purchased the damage claims of eight companies, mostly candle producers, with production sites in five European countries.


The detailed transaction data collected by CDC from the damaged companies together with other market data show that the cartel resulted in significant price overcharges. These findings were confirmed by external economic experts. Purchasers of paraffin wax incurred damages for which the defendants are liable. Damages are increased by interest as of the day when they incurred.


On 1 May 2013, the District Court of The Hague rendered a judgment on preliminary issues. It confirmed that companies found by the Commission to have participated in the cartel can be sued together at the place where one cartel member is seated. Furthermore, the District Court rejected the argument that it lacked competence due to jurisdiction clauses allegedly agreed upon under some supply contracts for the purchase of Paraffin Wax.


On 17 December 2014, the District Court of The Hague rendered an interim judgment on the validity of the assignments and on applicable law. The Court confirmed our position on all relevant subject matters. In relation to the validity of the assignments the Court took account of the judgment of the Regional Court Düsseldorf in the Cement case and stated that the facts were specific why the judgment cannot be transposed to the case at hand. On 15 April 2015, the District Court of The Hague refused the defendants’ request to grant an extraordinary appeal in relation to the Judgment of 17 December 2014. The District Court in particular stated that the Cement judgment of the Higher Regional Court Düsseldorf of 18 February 2015 did not have any relevance for the case pending before it.


CDC reached an out-of-court settlement with Sasol. The procedure continues against the remaining three defendants.


  • Further information:
  • CDC Press release of 10/10/2011
  • CDC Press release on judgment Paraffin Wax Cartel_01/05/2013
  • CDC Press release on judgment of 17 December 2014

CDC Consulting SCRL

Avenue Louise 475
B-1050 Brussels,

Phone: +32 (0) 2 213 49 20
Fax: +32 (0) 2 213 49 21

Email CDC

Representation Germany:

Woogstrasse 4,
D-67659 Kaiserslautern, Germany

Phone: +49 (0) 631 303 790
Fax: +49 (0) 631 303 7910

Register for more Information about Paraffin Wax Cartel